There are three types of Gaucher disease. Type 1 Gaucher disease is the most common form, affecting both sexes equally,
with an estimated 6,000 affected individuals in the United States.
Approximately 1–9 in 100,000 people in
the general population globally have
type 1 Gaucher disease.
The number of people with type 1 Gaucher disease is higher in people
of Ashkenazi Jewish ancestry, with 1 in 600 people affected.
Gaucher disease is one of the most common genetic disorders in the
Ashkenazi population and has a carrier frequency of 1 in 17.